New year, new regulations

Throughout 2015, many in our industry would no doubt have agreed that MiFID II was fast becoming the single most important EU legislation initiative. With the unofficial – but likely – delay until January 2018, the impact of MiFID II remains far-reaching, but at least this may allow for a more orderly implementation. As the new year begins, it’s time to review... Read More

Stuck between a rock and a hard place

First proposed way back in 2011, work has been ongoing to narrow down the details of a common financial transaction tax (FTT) to be introduced across Europe. Back in May this year, all but one of the 11 member states keen to push ahead had agreed that by the end of 2014 it should all be worked out and the new tax phased in by the end of 2015. But according to the EU’s recent... Read More

EU FTT, next attempt

At a meeting of EU finance ministers yesterday the discussion turned to the introduction of the financial transaction tax (FTT) under the enhanced co-operation procedure. While still lacking even the most basic facts, a revised implementation timeline is emerging along the lines of a gradual introduction of the tax, with a first phase in place by 1st January 2016 and details thrashed... Read More

Confusion reigns over FTT

I had the pleasure of attending the Sixth Erasmus Liquidity Conference in Rotterdam earlier this week. As well as presenting the first Fidessa Doctoral Student Award for outstanding research to Rémy Praz, I also participated in some very interesting discussions between regulators, academics and practitioners. In one of the sessions the EU’s Financial Transaction Tax and its... Read More

Anti-price discovery tax

This week saw the publication of the European Parliament’s amendments to the EU Financial Transaction Tax (FTT). As reported in the press, lower rates (until 2017) for sovereign debt and pension funds have found their way into the proposal. Unfortunately, some very unpleasant surprises crept in as well. According to the Parliament, firms engaging in high frequency trading... Read More

One firm, two guv’nors

Making a living as a market maker is no easy task these days, with low trading volumes and the increasing regulatory burden tending to wipe the smile from many a trader’s face. Market making certainly has some perks, though, with exemptions from the European Short Selling Regulation, UK stamp duty and the Italian Financial Transaction Tax. Then again, where the MiFID II draft... Read More

Take a break

Financial markets are global and closely interconnected. While this is largely beneficial for all market participants, it can also create spillover effects with unintended consequences. An academic study argues that liquidity can affect related instruments and create a feedback loop, or, put more pessimistically, a vicious circle. In simple terms, if liquidity evaporates in a derivative,... Read More

If it moves, tax it!

The proposal for a Directive implementing enhanced co-operation in the area of financial transaction tax (aka the EU FTT), with its eye-wateringly broad scope, will have to be churned through the legislation mills PDQ if it’s to meet its overly ambitious timeline. The would-be tax applies to all transactions where a counterparty is established in one of the 11 participating... Read More

Italian uncertainty continues

On 21st February, just days before Italy’s general election, Economy and Finance Minister Grilli signed the application decree for the Italian Financial Transaction Tax (FTT) ahead of its effective date of 1st March. Arguably, the decree is in breach of another Italian law, the “Statuto dei diritti del contribuente” (Statute of taxpayers’ rights, Law 212/2000),... Read More

Is FTT heading for Wall Street?

Over the past few months, many in the US trading community have been quietly mobilizing against European Financial Transaction Taxes being collected within US borders. The voice of opposition grew louder yesterday with the Security Traders Organization (STA) calling on market participants to take action by communicating to their elected representatives their “strong opposition”... Read More

La bozza del decreto

Italy’s Ministry of Economy and Finance published a draft of the decree for the Italian Financial Transaction Tax (FTT) just after the 31st January deadline imposed by the law (for an English translation visit our Raw material section). The decree sheds light on most of the dark corners left by the bill, detailing how charges are to be calculated, who is responsible for their... Read More

Dude, where is my level playing field?

At the heart of the European Union is the concept of a single market with a level playing field. Markets moving together, where trade and competition create benefits for everyone. Back in 2007, MiFID was a true testament to this when it introduced the idea of passporting regulatory oversight across Europe. Reading the latest regulatory news, there’s precious little to remind... Read More

My Roman travelogue

Separate from the upcoming European Commission proposal for a financial transaction tax (FTT) under ‘enhanced co-operation’, Italy is pushing ahead with its own flavour of FTT, similar to the French tax which came into effect in August this year. It took me longer than I expected to find something sensible about the Italian proposals. Reports in the Italian media were a little... Read More

Germany’s “Best of …” HFT law

A Europe-wide consolidated regulatory framework can have many advantages for the financial industry. Laws such as MiFID II, MAD II and EMIR create a level playing field that simplifies competition on a pan-European scale. However, in the last couple of months a number of national legislations have been enacted that make the playing field a bit more uneven, again. There are, for... Read More

New month, new tax

Yesterday, 1st August (already!), the new French Financial Transaction Tax (FTT) came into effect. With the fine print of the new tax only emerging over the previous few days, we’ve now added the French FTT to our ‘At a glance‘ page to provide you with an overview. The tax, which applies to the purchase of over 100 French stocks with a company market value of more... Read More

School’s out!

OK, school’s out and the head’s advice was “…don’t do anything silly, and come back refreshed and ready for the new challenges of next year.” The European Parliament is also on its summer break and the next ECON Committee vote on MiFID II is scheduled for 26th September, with a plenary vote on the calendar for 19th  November.  There remains, however, a whole lot of... Read More

We learn from history that we do not learn from history

Many people might have missed it, but between 1905 and 1981 the New York state imposed a Security Transfer Tax. The tax was based on the par value (aka stated value, or face value) of stocks traded, transferred or delivered in New York State. It was not implemented as a financial stability measure, but as a revenue generator to fund the state deficit. Following the 1932 and 1966... Read More

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